“When I look in the room, I see that the reaction is positive, I see no objection. The Paris agreement is adopted. Global carbon dioxide emissions by country in 2015. COP 21 or the Paris Climate Conference have resulted in a new international climate agreement that applies to all countries and aims to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius, in line with the recommendations of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The agreement is partly legally binding and partly voluntary. The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the custodian of the agreement. Therefore, the text and status of the agreement, including information on the parties who signed and ratified the agreement, contain information on the UN treaty on the website in the Mtdsg Treaty Status Database. Some aspects of the agreement will be legally binding, such as the presentation of an emissions reduction target and the regular revision of that target. According to the organizing committee at the beginning of the discussions, the key outcome expected was an agreement to limit global warming to “well below 2 degrees Celsius” above pre-industrial levels. The agreement requires that there be no anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions in the second half of the 21st century. In the adopted version of the Paris Agreement, the parties will also make “efforts” to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.  According to some scientists, the 1.5-C target will require zero emissions between 2030 and 2050.
 In previous climate negotiations, countries agreed to outline, by 1 October 2015, the measures they intended to take as part of a comprehensive agreement. These commitments are referred to as planned national contributions or NDCs.  Together, INDCs would reduce global warming from 4 to 5 degrees Celsius (by 2100) to 2.7 degrees Celsius and reduce per capita emissions by 9% by 2030, while raising hopes for future future reductions that would achieve a target of 2 degrees Celsius.  Nick Mabey, Executive Director of the climate diplomacy organization E3G , said that the agreement was ambitious and that a serious political commitment would be needed to produce results. On 10 June, the European Commission presented a proposal in Brussels for the European Union to ratify the Paris Agreement.