The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters. B, like the avalanches of 2010, 2012 and 2016. Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar said Thursday that relations with Pakistan raise many questions in the past and said Thursday that the 1972 Simla agreement led to a “revenge” Pakistan and persistent problems in Jammu and Kashmir, as he praised the “courageous steps” taken by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his relations with the neighboring country. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments.  The Simla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 between Pakistan and India and the agreement is more than 44 years old in October 2016. For discussion reasons, the agreement can be divided into two parts.
One part concerns the nature of relations between Pakistan and India, while the other part is related to the status of the main state of Jammu and Kashmir. This opinion comments on this last point. At the fourth commemorative conference in Ramnath Goenka, Jaishankar advocated for a foreign policy that values change, not statusquooderist, as he cited important incidents in Indian history such as the defeat of the war with China in 1962, the Simla agreement and “inaction” after the Mumbai terrorist attacks to contrast them with a more dynamic attitude of India after 2014. The Simla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in the capital Himachal Pradesh. The agreement was a peace treaty signed by the two nations after the end of the Bangladesh War in 1971. Bangladesh had been part of Pakistan since partition in 1947. In 1971, it waged a war of independence against Pakistan. India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, which turned the war into an Indo-Pakistan war in 1971.